The First Conditional


The first conditional has the present simple after 'if', then the future simple in the other clause:

  • if + present simple, ... will + infinitive


It's used to talk about things which might happen in the future. Of course, we can't know what will happen in the future, but this describes possible things, which could easily come true.


  • If it rains, I won't go to the park.
  • If I study today, I'll go to the party tonight.
  • If I have enough money, I'll buy some new shoes.
  • She'll be late if the train is delayed.
  • She'll miss the bus if she doesn't leave soon.
  • If I see her, I'll tell her.


First vs. Zero Conditional:

The first conditional describes a particular situation, whereas the zero conditional describes what happens in general.

For example (zero conditional): if you sit in the sun, you get burned (here I'm talking about every time a person sits in the sun - the burning is a natural consequence of the sitting)

But (first conditional): if you sit in the sun, you'll get burned (here I'm talking about what will happen today, another day might be different)

First vs. Second Conditional:

The first conditional describes things that I think are likely to happen in the future, whereas the second conditional talks about things that I don't think will really happen. It's subjective; it depends on my point of view.

For example (first conditional): If she studies harder, she'll pass the exam (I think it's possible she will study harder and so she'll pass)

But (second conditional): If she studied harder, she would pass the exam (I think that she won't study harder, or it's very unlikely, and so she won't pass)

e forma con if + simple present + simple future. Se emplea cuando una situación es real o posible: If it rains today, I'll stay at home. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos.

If clause Main clause
If + Present tense will / can / may / must + verb
If it rains today, I'll stay at home
  • If it rains today, I'll stay at home.
    Si llueve hoy, me quedaré en casa.
  • If he is busy now, I will come back tomorrow.
    Si está ocupado ahora, regresaré mañana.
  • If I have time, I'll visit my parents this afternoon.
    Si tengo tiempo, visitaré a mis padres esta tarde.
  • If it is warm tomorrow, we'll go to the beach.
    Si está caluroso mañana, iremos a la playa.
  • If it is cold, you must wear warm clothes.
    Si está frío, debes usar ropa abrigada.
  • If he doesn't do his homework, he can not go to the party.
    Si él no hace su tarea, no puede ir a la fiesta.
  • If she doesn't call you, you can call her.
    Si ella no te llama, tú puedes llamarla.
  • If you work hard, you may become a millonaire someday.
    Si trabajas duro, puede que te conviertas en un millonario algún día.
  • If you spend more than you earn, you'll become a poor man.
    Si gastas más de lo que ganas, te convertirás en un hombre pobre.
  • If they don't invite you, you must not go.
    Si ellos no te invitan, no debes ir.
  • If we don't hurry, we'll miss our bus.
    Si no nos apuramos, perderemos nuestro autobus.
  • If you pay now, you'll get a discount.
    Si pagas ahora, obtendrás un descuento.
  • If they don't want to go out, they can stay home.
    Si no quieren salir, se pueden quedar en casa.
  • If you drink too much, you'll get drunk.
    Si bebes demasiado, te emborracharás.
  • If you feel sick, you must stay in bed.
    Si te sientes enfermo, debes quedarte en cama.
  • If they don't come here, we'll have to go there.
    Si ellos no vienen aquí, tendremos que ir allí.